America’s Best In Battle Creek Michigan – Latitudes: 42 ° 18’44 “N 85 ° 12’15” W / 42.31222 ° N 85.20417 ° W / 42.31222; -85.20417 Latitudes: 42 ° 18’44 “N 85 ° 12’15” W / 42.31222 ° N 85.20417 ° W / 42.31222; -85.20417
Battle Creek is a city located at the confluence of the Kalamazoo and Battle Creek rivers in northwestern Calhoun County, in the US state of Michigan. It is the capital city of the Battle Creek Michigan Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), which includes all of Calhoun County. In 2020, the population of the city was 52,731.
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Nicknamed “Cereal City”, it is known as the home of Kellogg’s and the founding city of post-consumer brands.
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A local news story stated that Battle Creek was named after a March 14, 1824 dispute between a federal government land survey party led by Colonel John Mallett and two Pottawatomies. The army delayed in delivering the supplies promised to them under the Chicago Pact. 1821. After a long argument, the Native Americans tried to eat it. One of the surveyors shot and seriously wounded a Potawatomi. After the counter, the voting party turned back to Detroit.
The surveyors would not return to the area until June 1825, after Governor Louis Cass’s problems with the Native Americans had been resolved. Early white settlers called the nearby stream Battle Creek, and the town took its name.
Another folk etymology is attributed to a local river known to Native Americans as the Waupakisco. Waupakisko or Wapokisko is a reference to a war or struggle between native tribes before the arrival of Europeans. However, Virgil J. Vogel, professor emeritus of history and social sciences at Chicago’s Harry S. Truman believes that the local name “has nothing to do with blood or war.”
In 1774, the Pottawatomie tribes and Ottawa Native Americans established a joint village near Future Battle Creek, Michigan.
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After the removal of the Pottawatomie to the reservation in 1831, the first permanent European settlement began at Battle Creek. After the completion of New York’s Erie Canal in 1824, westward migration from New York and Newfoundland to Michigan increased. Settlers preferred to settle in the fertile and easy-to-cultivate Gogwak Plain. A post office was opened at Battle Creek in 1832 under Postmaster General Polodor Hudson.
The first school was taught in 1833 or 1834 in a small log house. Asa Langley built the first sawmill in 1837. A brick factory, said to be the oldest in the county, was established in 1840 by Simon Carr and operated until 1903. The county was established by Act of the Legislature in 1839.
During the antebellum era, the city was a major stop on the Underground Railroad used by fugitive slaves to find freedom in Michigan and Canada. After his escape from captivity, it was the Chosen House of Sojourner Truth, which was disbanded.
Battle Creek played a prominent role in the early history of the Seventh-day Adventist Church. In 1863, it was the site of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church. The first hospital, college and government publishing office were also built in the city. When the hospital and publishing office burned down in 1902, the church decided to become illegal and many of its institutions moved. The First Advtist Church (rebuilt in the 1920s) is still active.
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Jack Johnson, the heavyweight champion of the world, was once arrested here for marrying his white wife and taking her across state lines.
The city focused on health reform in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Battle Creek Hospice was founded by Dr. John Harvey Kellogg. In addition to his sometimes whimsical behavior, as seen in the film Wellville Road, Kellogg also funded organizations that promoted ethical principles as a natural complement to ethics, central to their philosophical principles.
One of these organizations is the Race Betterment Foundation. He supported the “separate but equal” philosophy and invited Booker T. Washington to speak at the Battle Creek Asylum to raise money. Washington authored the “Atlanta Compromise” speech, which consolidated his position as a compromise while offering southern whites (and their supporters) a mechanism to finance their own school (Tuskegee Institute).
W. K. Kellogg worked for his brother at various jobs in B.C. He worked W.C. Tired of living in the shadow of his brother John Harvey Kellogg, he struck out on his own as a sweeper in the cities booming around Oklahoma’s oil fields. After the failure, he returned to work as his brother’s assistant. While working in the sanatorium laboratory, W.K. He poured the liquefied corn over a heating device that cooked the product in a shell. He tasted the feathers and added milk to them. He was able to provide his brother with a portion of the product for some of the pets at the shelter, and the demand for the product exceeded his expectations, so W.K. decided to leave the asylum. Together with some investors, he built a factory to meet his demand for cornflakes.
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At this time Dr. John Harvey Kellogg sued his brother for copyright infringement. Thanks to Kellogg’s high sales and public profile, the United States Supreme Court in W.K. Kellogg Company
Inspired by Kellogg’s invention, C. W. Post invited Grape-Nuts to establish his own cereal company in the city. Battle Creek was nicknamed the “Wheat City.”
During the turbulent 1960s, Battle Creek was not immune to the racial problems of the day. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. spoke here, as did S. Hubert Humphrey, president of the L.B. Johnson and World Heavyweight Champion Muhammad Ali. African Americans were subject to “stop and frisk” policies while traveling and settler families were in effect. No blacks worked in the school systems, and only a few blacks held middle-level management positions in the local corporate sector. The federal government sector was better at the Federal Cter and less at the local veterans hospital.
Black Recondos, a group formed by the local NAACP Council of Young Adults, forced local boards of education to hire black teachers and administrative staff under the threat of expelling black students from their public schools. The chief of police was forced to allow black recondos to intervene in arrests, giving them the power to detain black outlaws instead of local police. This led to the second police raid in US history. The officers were dismissed and the strike called off.
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According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 43.73 square miles (113.26 km).
This makes Battle Creek Michigan’s third largest city by area and one of only three municipalities in the state larger than 40 square miles (100 km2).
In 1982, at Kellogg’s urging, the city annexed Battle Creek Township, nearly doubling the city’s population. Kellogg’s evt even threatened to move their headquarters if the merger failed.
As of 2000, the city had a population of 53,364 people, 21,348 families and 13,363 households. Population is 1,246.0 per square mile (481.1/km).
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) in the city was 74.7% White, 17.8% Black or African American, 1.9% Asian, 0.8% Native American, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.1% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. . 4.6% of the population is Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Of the 21,348 households, 32.3% had children under the age of 18, 41.9% were married couples living together, 16.1% were women without male guardians, and 37.4% were non-families. 31.6% of all households are individuals and 12.1% are individuals aged 65 years or older. Average household size is 2.43 and median household size is 3.04.
In this city, 27.2% of the population is under 18 years of age, 8.7% is between 18 to 24 years of age, 29.5% is between 25 to 44 years of age, 21.0% is 45 to 64 years of age and 13.5% of the people are 65 and above. . Average age is 35 years. For every 100 females, there are 91.9 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there are 87.2 males.
The median income for a family in the city is $35,491 and the median income for a family is $43,564. Men’s median income is $36,838, while women’s is $26,429. The city’s per capita income is $18,424. About 10.7% of households and 14.4% of the population are below the poverty line, including 17.5% of those under 18 years of age and 11.8% of those 65 years of age or older.
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In 1389 the city had a population of 52,347 people, 21,118 households and 12,898 families. The population